Photo: Science Image Library – Mark Garlick via Getty Images
The abstract breaks down mind-boggling scientific research, future technologies, new discoveries, and major breakthroughs.
Black holes are regions of spacetime with gravitational fields so strong that nothing, not even light, can escape their bounds. As a result, most of these massive objects are invisibly drifting through space, making it difficult to resolve many open questions about their intriguing curvature properties.
Now, scientists have suggested that there may be a way to confirm a major mystery about black holes – whether they produce vortex structures – by looking for specific signatures in space. These vortices would be structurally similar to vortices and vortices, but would originate in multiple places on black holes instead.
In addition to shedding light on black holes, these clues will likely open an “observing window for various hidden sectors” of the universe, including the nature of dark matter, according to Published a recent study in physical review messages.
While common images of black holes often make them look like giant space vortices, the existence of vortices in these entities is controversial. Researchers led by Gia Dvali, director of the Max Planck Institute for Physics in Germany, have provided new theoretical evidence that rapidly spinning black holes “naturally support a vortex structure” and that a black hole’s vortex can have “largely observable consequences,” according to the study. . .
“The microscopic structure of black holes remains to be understood,” Dvali and his co-authors said. “One of the main obstacles is the lack of experimental investigations of quantum black hole properties. In this light, it is very important to identify and explore those microscopic theories that lead to phenomena that can be observed microscopically.”
“We will work to create awareness about one of these phenomena: the vortex,” the team added. “We believe that … the vortex property of black holes can be understood without getting into the techniques of quantum gravity calculations.”
The new research was inspired in part by experimental studies of Bose-Einstein condensates, an extremely cold state of matter with exotic quantum properties useful for modeling black hole behaviors. Many lab tests have it Spiral formation detection in these condensates, suggesting that structures may also originate in extremely fast-spinning black holes, according to Dvali’s team.
The presence of the vortex may explain why fast-spinning black holes do not produce Hawking radiation, a type of thermal glow emitted by some of these objects. The study authors wrote that the structures could also lead to unusual penetrations beyond black holes, including the opportunity to open a “gateway to the dark matter sector.”
This imaging portal may lie in highly luminous objects called active galactic nuclei, which are powered by the supermassive black holes at the center of large galaxies. These cores emit huge jets of plasma that approach the speed of light and can span a million light-years.
Dvali and colleagues note that these energetic jets may emit magnetic signals to rotate in their light, which can be captured and decoded in telescope images. The jets are also believed to interact with dark matter, an unspecified substance that accounts for most of the mass in the universe. As a result, future observations of the jets, and possible signatures of vortices within them, could aid key scientific research to understand dark matter.
“We recently created the black hole vortex field,” said Florian Connell, a cosmologist at Ludwig Maximilian University in Munich who co-authored the study. in the current situation.
“There is a wealth of important and exciting questions to address that may open the door to these exciting new quantum aspects of space and time,” he concluded.